EILEAN DONAN CASTLE - LOCH DUICH, DORNIE - SCOTLAND

Eilean Donan (Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Donnain) is a small tidal island in Loch Duich in the western Highlands of Scotland; since the castle's restoration in the early 20th Century, a footbridge has connected the island to the mainland
EILEAN DONAN CASTLE - LOCH DUICH, DORNIE - SCOTLAND

Flying over Eilean Donan Castle


History: It is possible that an early Christian monastic cell was founded on the island in the 6th or 7th century, dedicated to Donnán of Eigg, an Irish saint who was martyred on Eigg in April 617.

Walking in Eilean Donan Castle

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Origins of the castle
In the earlier thirteenth century, during the reign of Alexander II (ruled 1214–1249), a large curtain-wall castle (wall of enceinte) was constructed that enclosed much of the island. At this time the area was at the boundary of the Norse-Celtic Lordship of the Isles and the Earldom of Ross: Eilean Donan provided a strong defensive position against Norse expeditions

Clan feuding
James I, determined to pacify the Highlands, journeyed to Inverness in 1427 and invited the principal chiefs to meet him there. Allegedly among them was the young Alexander Mackenzie, 6th Earl of Kintail. James then arrested him, along with the other chiefs, on their arrival. Mackenzie clan histories relate that, although several chiefs were executed or imprisoned, Alexander, due to his youth, was instead sent to Perth to attend school.

Eilean Donan - Scotland's Fantasy Castle


Restoration and reuse
Between 1919 and 1932 the castle was rebuilt by Lt. Col. John MacRae-Gilstrap. The restoration included the construction of an arched bridge to give easier access to the island. Macrae-Gilstrap also established of a war memorial dedicated to the men of the Macrae clan who died in the First World War.

Cinematic Scotland's Brave Tour: Eilean Donan Castle


The modern castle
The present castle buildings are entirely the result of 20th-century reconstruction and, although the rebuilding followed the extant ground plan, the details of the present castle differ from its original appearance. The survey drawings by Lewis Petit were not rediscovered… Wikipedia

Photo: Elena Maria Ciorga, Google+

Aragonese Castle - Ischia Island, Naples, Italy

Aragonese Castle (Italian: Castello Aragonese) is a medieval castle located in Ischia, at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples, Italy.
ARAGONESE CASTLE - ISCHIA ISLAND, NAPLES, ITALY

Travel Italy - Visiting Aragonese Castle in Ischia


The castle which stands on a volcanic rock, is the most impressive historical monument in Ischia, built by Hiero I of Syracuse in 474 BC. At the same time, two towers were built to control enemy fleets' movements. The rock was then occupied by Parthenopeans (the ancient inhabitants of Naples). In 326 BC the fortress was captured by Romans, and then again by the Parthenopeans. In 1441 Alfonso V of Aragon connected the rock to the island with a stone bridge instead of the prior wood bridge, and fortified the walls in order to defend the inhabitants against the raids of pirates. Around 1700, about 2000 families lived on the islet, including a Clarisses Convent, the Abbey of Basilians from Greece, the Bishop and the Seminar, the Prince with a military garrison. There were also thirteen churches. In 1912, the Castle was sold to a private owner. Today the castle is the most visited monument of the island.

Aragonese Castle - Albergo Monastero

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It is accessed through a tunnel with large openings which let the light enter. Along the tunnel there is a small chapel consecrated to Saint John Joseph of the Cross (San Giovan Giuseppe della Croce), the patron saint of the island. A more comfortable access is also possible with a modern lift. After arriving outside, it is possible to visit the Church of the Immacolata and the Cathedral of Assunta. The first was built in 1737 on the location of a smaller chapel dedicated to Saint Francis, and closed after the suppression of Convents in 1806 as well as the Nunnery of Clarisses.

Ischia Island - Aragonese Castle

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Ischia Island on Google Maps: - Link 1 - Link 2 - Link 3

Ischia is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea. It lies at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples, about 30 kilometres (19 miles) from the city of Naples. It is the largest of the Phlegrean Islands.

Ischia is the name of the main comune of the island. The other comuni of the island are Barano d'Ischia, Casamicciola Terme, Forio, Lacco Ameno and Serrara Fontana. Wikipedia

Italy 2012 - Ischia view from castle


Islands of Naples Ischia


Link photo: Regina Isabella

Chepstow Castle - Wales, River Wye - Monmouthshire, UK

Chepstow Castle (Welsh: Cas-gwent), located in Chepstow, Monmouthshire in Wales, on top of cliffs overlooking the River Wye, is the oldest surviving post-Roman stone fortification in Britain.
CHEPSTOW CASTLE - CHEPSTOW, RIVER WYE - MONMOUTHSHIRE, UK

Chepstow Castle, Wales


Its construction was begun under the instruction of the Norman Lord William fitz Osbern, soon made Earl of Hereford, from 1067, and it was the southernmost of a chain of castles built along the English-Welsh border in the Welsh Marches. The castle ruins are Grade I listed as at 6 December 1950.

Chepstow Castle

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Building of the castle
Chepstow Castle is situated on a narrow ridge between the limestone river cliff and a valley, known locally as the Dell, on its landward side. Its full extent is best appreciated from the opposite bank of the River Wye. The castle has fourbaileys, added in turn through its history.

Chepstow city

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Foundation, 1067-1188
The speed with which William the Conqueror committed to the creation of acastle at Chepstow is testament to its strategic importance. There is no evidence for a settlement there of any size before the Norman invasion of Wales, although it is possible that the castle site itself may have previously been a prehistoric or early medieval stronghold.

Chepstow Castle, Wales


The castle today
Chepstow Castle is open to the public, and since 1984 has been in the care of Cadw, the Welsh government body with the responsibility for protecting, conserving and promoting the built heritage of Wales. There are special events held often in the castle and visitors are now able to walk along the battlements and into Martens Tower

Chepstow Castle


Later history - Decline in defensive importance, 1300-1403
From the 14th century, and in particular the end of the wars between England and Wales in the early 15th century, its defensive importance declined. In 1312 it passed into the control of Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, and later his daughter Margaret. Wikipedia

Monmouthshire city - riding in Brecon Canal


Oficial website

Photo credit: carneycastle.com

Mespelbrunn Castle - Mespelbrunn, Würzburg, Germany

Mespelbrunn Castle is a medieval moated castle on the territory of the town of Mespelbrunn, between Frankfurt and Würzburg, built in a remote tributary valley of the Elsava valley, within the Spessart forest. One of the most visited water castles in Germany, it is frequently featured in tourist books.
MESPELBRUNN CASTLE - MESPELBRUNN, WÜRZBURG, GERMANY

Germany Trave Attractions - Tour of Mespelbrunn Castle


Origins
The first precursor of Mespelbrunn Castle was a simple house. The owner was Hamann Echter, vizedom of Aschaffenburg, a title which means that he was the representative of the ruler the prince elector archbishop of Mainz Johann II of Nassau at the castle and town of Aschaffenburg. On May 1, 1412, Johann gave the site, a forest clearing next to a lake, to Echter, a knight, who constructed a house without fortifications. It was a reward for Echter's services against the Czechs

Visit the Mespelbrunn Castle

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Contemporary situation
In the 1930s, economic pressures forced the Ingelheim family to open the site to the public. Today Mespelbrunn Castle is owned by the family of the counts of Ingelheim, who live in the southern wing of the castle, having moved out of the main rooms.

Wasserschloss Mespelbrunn Castle


Description
The main building of Mespelbrunn Castle is built on an almost square base on the eastern side of a lake. On the whole northern, western and southern side, the court is surrounded by two storied houses. On the northeastern and southwestern corner, towers of similar height are added to the houses. These are decorated with stepped gables on the western side.

Wurzburg City, Germany

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Origins
The first precursor of Mespelbrunn Castle was a simple house. The owner was Hamann Echter, vizedom of Aschaffenburg, a title which means that he was the representative of the ruler the prince elector archbishop of Mainz Johann II of Nassau at the castle and town of Aschaffenburg. On May 1, 1412, Johann gave the site, a forest clearing next to a lake, to Echter, a knight, who constructed a house without fortifications. It was a reward for Echter's services against the Czechs.

Photo credit: winterwhisperspics.blogspot.com

Moritzburg Castle - Moritzburg, state of Saxony, Dresden, Germany

Moritzburg Castle (German: Schloss Moritzburg) is a Baroque palace in Moritzburg, in the German state of Saxony, about 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northwest of the Saxon capital, Dresden.
MORITZBURG CASTLE - MORITZBURG, STATE OF SAXONY, DRESDEN, GERMANY

Moritzburg Castle - Germany Travel Attractions by Geobeats


The castle has four round towers and lies on a symmetrical artificial island. It is named after Duke Moritz of Saxony, who had a hunting lodge built there between 1542 and 1546. The surrounding woodlands and lakes have been a favourite hunting area of the electors and kings of Saxony.

Flying over Moritzburg Castle

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The original castle, built from 1542–1546, was a hunting lodge for Moritz of Saxony, then Duke of Saxony. Elector John George II of Saxony had the lodge extended; the chapel was added between 1661 and 1671. Designed by his architect, Wolf Caspar von Klengels, the chapel is an example of early Baroque architecture.

Jagdschloss Schloss Moritzburg Sachsen Saxony Burgen


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Park and surroundings: In 1728, a park was added to the castle on the adjacent land to the north. The u-shaped park has an area of approximately 230 by 150 meters. The gardens are in the French style and, because of the death of Augustus the Strong, were never completed. Johann Christian Daniel, Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann and others were involved in their initial design and planning. The garden's layout follows that of other European royal courts of the time.

Moritzburg City and Moritzburg Castle - Deutschland


Trivia: In 1972 Moritzburg Castle was one of the locations of the Czechoslovak-German film "Three Nuts for Cinderella", which became a popular fairy-tale movie in Central Europe.

Moritzburg, Germany


Little Pheasant Castle: Shortly after the remodelling of Moritzburg Castle as the country seat of August the Strong, a single-story pavilion was built just 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles) away by the architect Johann Christoph Knöffel. The pavilion's foundation was later used for the Chinese-style Little Pheasant Castle

Moritzburg Castle, Saxony, Germany


Interior of the castle: The interior of the castle is furnished with examples of opulent baroque decor from the time of Augustus the Strong. The walls are covered in 17th century gold-gilded leather. Many rooms' furnishings are dedicated to courtly hunting. Wikipedia

OTHER VIDEOS:
Moritzburg Castle, Saxony, Germany
Die Moritzburg Sachsen

Moritzburg Castle official site

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Dunnottar Castle - Stonehaven - Aberdeen, Scotland

Dunnottar Castle (Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Fhoithear, "fort on the shelving slope) is a ruined medieval fortress located upon a rocky headland on the north-east coast of Scotland.
DUNNOTTAR CASTLE - STONEHAVEN - ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND

Dunnottar Castle - Scotland


The surviving buildings are largely of the 15th and 16th centuries, but the site is believed to have been fortified in the Early Middle Ages. Dunnottar has played a prominent role in the history of Scotland through to the 18th-century Jacobite risings because of its strategic location and the strength of its situation.

Flying over Castle


Dunnottar Castle (Aberdeenshire) Scotland

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Exploring Dunnottar Castle


Dunnottar is best known as the place where the Honours of Scotland, the Scottish crown jewels, were hidden from Oliver Cromwell's invading army in the 17th century. The property of the Keiths from the 14th century, and the seat of the Earl Marischal, Dunnottar declined after the last Earl forfeited his titles by taking part in the Jacobite rebellion of 1715. The castle was restored in the 20th century and is now open to the public.

Let's travel to: Dunnottar Castle


The ruins of the castle are spread over 1.4 hectares (3.5 acres), surrounded by steep cliffs that drop to the North Sea, 50 metres (160 ft) below. A narrow strip of land joins the headland to the mainland, along which a steep path leads up to the gatehouse. The various buildings within the castle include the 14th-century tower house as well as the 16th-century palace. Dunnottar Castle is a scheduled monument, and twelve structures on the site are listed buildings.

Cliff Jumping Scotland - Dunnottar Castle


Early Middle Ages
A chapel at Dunnottar is said to have been founded by St Ninian in the 5th century, although it is not clear when the site was first fortified. Possibly the earliest written reference to the site is found in the Annals of Ulster which record two sieges of "Dún Foither" in 681 and 694. The earlier event has been interpreted as an attack by Brude, the Pictish king of Fortriu, to extend his power over the north-east coast of Scotland. Wikipedia

Scotland: Stonehaven (Aberdeen)


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Vajdahunyad Castle (Vajdahunyad vára), Budapest, Hungary

Vajdahunyad Castle (Vajdahunyad vára) is a castle in the City Park of Budapest, Hungary.
VAJDAHUNYAD CASTLE (VAJDAHUNYAD VÁRA), BUDAPEST, HUNGARY

Visiting Vajdahunyad Castle in Budapest


It was built between 1896 and 1908 as part of the Millennial Exhibition which celebrated the 1000 years of Hungary since the Hungarian Conquest of the Carpathian Basin in 895. The castle was designed by Ignác Alpár to feature copies of several landmark buildings from different parts the Kingdom of Hungary, especially the Hunyad Castle in Transylvania (now in Romania).

Budapest, Vajdahunyad Castle - Boating Lake


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City Park - Budapest, Hungary


As the castle contains parts of buildings from various time periods, it displays different architectural styles: Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque. Originally it was made from cardboard and wood, but it became so popular that it was rebuilt from stone and brick between 1904 and 1908. Today it houses the Agricultural Museum of Hungary, the biggest agricultural museum in Europe.

Vajdahunyad - court 2 - castle in Budapest (Pest side; at the park)


The statue of Anonymus is also displayed in the castle court. Anonymus lived in the 12th century (his true identity is unknown, but he was a notary of Béla III of Hungary), who wrote the chronicle Gesta Hungarorum (Deeds of the Hungarians). The castle contains a statue of Béla Lugosi, as well.

Elephants in City Park - Budapest, Hungary


The City Park:
City Park was the main venue of the 1896 millennium celebrations of Hungary, by which time Andrássy Avenue, Millennium Underground and the Grand Boulevard were built.

Other video The City Park



Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin
The Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin, also Hungarian conquest or Hungarian land-taking is an umbrella term that refers to a series of historical events ending with the settlement of the Hungarian people in Central Europe at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries. Before the arrival of the Hungarians, three early medieval powers, the First Bulgarian Empire, East Francia and Moravia had fought each other for control of the Carpathian Basin. They occasionally hired Hungarian horsemen as soldiers. Therefore, the Hungarians who dwelled in the eastern regions of the Pontic steppes were familiar with their future homeland when their "land-taking" started. Wikipedia

Oficial castle website: vajdahunyadcastle.com

Photo: panoramio.com

CASTELO DE GLAMIS - (GLAMIS CASTLE) - ESCÓCIA

O Castelo de Glamis (Glamis Castle em inglês) é um palácio que se localiza na aldeia de Glamis (pronunciado Glahmz no AFI), a doze milhas da cidade de Dundee, em Angus, no leste da Escócia.
CASTELO DE GLAMIS - ESCÓCIA - GLAMIS CASTLE SCOTLAND - DUNDEE - ANGUS

Rumo ao Castelo de carro / Drive Glamis Castle Scotland


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Pertencente à família Bowes-Lyon, um dos mais antigos clãs da nobreza escocesa, é a residência do Conde e da Condessa de Strathmore, que abrem o castelo ao público.

Sobrevoando o Castelo de Glamis / Flying around Castle

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Este palácio é a casa do Conde e Condessa de Strathmore and Kinghorne e encontra-se aberto ao público. Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, mais conhecida como Rainha Mãe, nasceu neste castelo, no dia 4 de Agosto de 1900, e passou ali a sua infância. A sua segunda filha, a princesa Margarida, também nasceu em Glamis. Desde 1987, uma imagem do castelo está estampada no reverso da nota de dez libras esterlinas emitida pelo Banco Real da Escócia. Wikipedia

Andando de Charrete / Vintage Vehicles Arriving

Castelo de Glamis, Escócia / Glamis Castle - Scotland


Veja uma dança escocesa em frente ao Castelo



Dundee Pubs


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Ilha Skye - arquipélago das Hébridas, Escócia


Crédito da foto: www.panoramio.com

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CASTELO DE CHILLON - CHÂTEAU DE CHILLON - CHILLON CASTLE

O Castelo de Chillon (em francês: Château de Chillon) é um dos castelos da Suíça mais conhecidos em todo o mundo, além de ser o monumento suíço mais visitado e um dos mais bem preservados da Europa, estando classificado como monumento histórico. CASTELO DE CHILLON - CHÂTEAU DE CHILLON - CHILLON CASTLE

Castelo de Chillon, Suiça


Situa-se numa das margens do Lago Léman, em Veytaux, a três quilômetros de Montreux. De forma oblonga, mede 110 metros de comprimento por 50 de largura, culminando com uma torre de menagem de 25 metros de altura.

Sobrevoando o Castelo de Chillon (Château de Chillon) - Lago Léman


Ver a entrada do Castelo - Veytaux - Google Mapas
Por dentro do Castelo - Google Mapas
Foi construído sobre um rochedo, um ponto de protecção natural e estratégico para controlar a passagem entre o sul e o norte da Europa. De um lado, é uma magnífica residência à beira do lago e, do outro, uma imponente fortaleza em frente às montanhas.

Rumo ao Castelo de Chillon pelo Lago Léman

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Veja um passeio de bote pelos arredores

Castelo de Chillon


Veja a linha de trem ao redor do Castelo

O arqueólogo Albert Naef descobriu que o castelo foi ocupado desde a Idade do Bronze e que, actualmente, é resultado de muitos séculos de construções e restaurações. Não é possível datar com exatidão o seu ano de construção, mas os primeiros registos escritos do castelo são de 1150. Foi sucessivamente ocupado pela Casa de Saboia, depois pelos bernenses, de 1536 a 1798, desde então pertence ao Estado de Vaud.



O Castelo de Chillon está construído sobre um rochedo oval, em calcário, avançado sobre o Lago Léman entre Montreux e Villeneuve, com uma encosta escarpada dum lado e o lago e o seu fundo abrupto do outro. a localização é estratégica: encerra a passagem entre a Riviera Vaudesa (acesso ao norte através da Alemanha e da França) e a Planície do Ródano, que permite chegar rapidamente à Itália. Além disso, o lugar oferece um excelente ponto de vista sobre a costa saboiarda que lhe faz face. Uma guarnição podia, assim, controlar militar e comercialmente a rota para Itália e aplicar um direito de portagem.

Mercado no castelo medieval de Chillon


As primeiras construções remontam ao século X, embora seja provável que esse espaço já fosse uma localização militar privilegiada antes dessa data. Objectos que remontam à época romana foram descobertos durante escavações no século XIX, assim como vestígios datados da Idade do Bronze. Wikipedia

OUTROS VÍDEOS:
Giro de carro pela Suíça: Villeneuve, Château de Chillon, Montreux, La Tour-de-Peilz e Vevey
Château de Chillon - MyMontreux.ch

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FREDERIKSBORG CASTLE (PALACE) - HILLEROD, DENMARK

Frederiksborg Palace or Frederiksborg Castle (Danish: Frederiksborg Slot) is a palace in Hillerød, Denmark.
FREDERIKSBORG CASTLE (PALACE) -  HILLEROD, DENMARK

Frederiksborg Palace


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View from inside the gardens

It was built as a royal residence for King Christian IV and is now a museum of national history. The current edifice replaced a previous castle erected by Frederick II and is the largest Renaissance palace in Scandinavia. The palace is located on three small islands in the middle of Palace Lake and is adjoined by a large formal garden in the Baroque style.

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Frederiksborg Palace Garden Shot from bicycle


The Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle, Denmark


Hillerod, Denmark: Stunning Frederiksborg Castle


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A flight in may 2010, Frederiksborg castle
2012 Frederiksborg Slot Park

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Fiordes, Reino da Noruega

A Noruega, oficialmente Reino da Noruega, é um país nórdico da Europa setentrional que ocupa a parte ocidental da Península Escandinava, a ilha de Jan Mayen e o arquipélago ártico de Svalbard, através do Tratado de Svalbard.
FIORDES DA NORUEGA

Passeando pelos Fiordes(encostas) / Strolling the Fjords, Norway

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Passeio de Helicoptero pelos Fiordes da Noruega, em Geiranger
Helicopter tour of the Fjords of Norway, in Geiranger



A parte continental do país divide fronteira a leste com a Suécia e ao norte com a Finlândia e a Rússia. O Reino Unido e as Ilhas Faroe estão a oeste, através do Mar do Norte, a Islândia e a Groenlândia estão a oeste, através do mar da Noruega, e a Dinamarca fica próxima ao extremo sul do país, através do estreito de Skagerrak. Wikipedia

Um passeio pela Natureza / A stroll through the Nature


Noruega - o site oficial no Brasil - noruega.org.br

Foto: lostgenerationreader.com


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GORGES DU TARN - CANYON IN TARN RIVER, FRANCE

Gorges du Tarn is a canyon formed by the Tarn River between the Causse Méjean and the Causse de Sauveterre, in southern France.
GORGES DU TARN - CANYON IN TARN RIVER, FRANCE

Gorges du Tarn et les Gorges de la Jonte


The canyon, mainly located in the Lozère département, and partially in the Aveyron département, is about 53 kilometres (33 mi)-long (from the village of Quézac to Le Rozier.

Gorges Du Tarn


Geography: The architecture of the gorges is relatively simple, with mesozoic limestone plateaux downstream presenting sub-vertical cliffs, though faults like the Hauterive Fault upstream explain the important water sources in the region of Saint-Enimie (the Burle source and the Coussac source, the latter joining the Tarn in an impressive waterfall), and the more complex geology.

In the quaternary, the gorges were also affected by a volcanic activity whose traces can be found in the Sauveterre Causse, in the form of a double volcanic dip, and in the basaltic rocks next to Eglanzines. The climate is mediterranean, with relatively mild winters and very warm summers.

France - Gorges du Tarn, Languedoc-Roussillon: October 2010


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Albi and its Cathedral, dedicated to Saint-Cecilia. A unique red-brick fortified cathedral, renowned worldwide for its ornamented stone roodscreen. Together with the Berbie palace, a former bishops’ estate now home to the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, it is the core of the Vieil-Alby, the ancient centre of the city, with its half-timbered and corbelled houses, that has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2010.

Albi - Sur les Rives du Tarn

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Architecture: Many castles have been built along the Gorges, most of them dating back to the Middle-Age, such as those of Castelbouc, La Caze, Hauterives, La Malène or Saint-Rome-de-Dolan

Gorges du Tarn


The peninsula of Ambialet, with a view on the Tarn River from the Priory.
Cagnac-les-Mines, its Mining Museum and the amusement park Cap découverte, located in a former open-sky mine.

Castres and its houses on the Agoût River, the Goya Museum and Jean Jaures Museum.
Carmaux and its Glass Museum, in an old chapel transformed into a workshop, with demonstrations on site. Wikipedia

OTHER VIDEOS:
L'Agout (Tarn 81)
THE ART OF TARN, GOPRO HD

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Nafplio, Old Town, Peloponnes - Greece

Nafplio Is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece that has expanded up the hillsides near the north end of the Argolic Gulf. The town was the capital of the First Hellenic Republic, from the start of the Greek Revolution in 1821 until 1834. Nafplio is now the capital of the regional unit of Argolis.
NAFPLIO, OLD TOWN, PELOPONNES - GREECE

Exploring the Coastal City of Nafplion


The name of the town changed several times over the centuries. The contemporary Greek name of the town is Nafplio. In modern English, the most frequently used forms are Nauplia and Navplion.

Amazing flight over Nafplio


Municipality: The municipality Nafplio was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:

Nafplio, Greece - Travel


During the Classical Antiquity, it was known as Nauplia in Attic Greek and Nauplié in Ionian Greek. In Latin, it was called Nauplia.

During the Middle Ages, several variants were used in Byzantine Greek, including Náfplion, Anáplion, and Anáplia.

Old Town of Nafplio, Peloponnes - Greece

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During the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern period, under Venetian domination, the town was known in Italian as Napoli di Romania, after the medieval usage of "Romania" to refer to the lands of the Byzantine Empire, and to distinguish it fromNapoli (Naples) in Italy.

Also during the Early Modern period, but this time under Ottoman rule, the Turkish name of the town was Mora Yenişehri, after Morea, a medieval name for the Peloponnese, and "yeni şehir," the Turkish term for "new city" (apparently a translation from the Greek, Italian Napoli. The Ottomans also called it Anabolı.

Nafplio - Greece


In the 19th century and early 20th century, the town was called indiscriminately Náfplion and Nafplio in modern Greek. Both forms were used in official documents and travel guides. This explains why the old form Náfplion (sometimes transliterated to Navplion) still occasionally survives up to this day. Wikipedia

OTHER VIDEOS:
Flight over Nafplio, Greece
Palamidi - Fortress/Castle (Nafplio, Greece)

Photo: Tourism Around The World

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MALBORK CASTLE - MALBORK, POLAND

The Malbork Castle in Malbork, Poland, is the largest castle in the world by surface area, and the largest brick building in Europe.
MALBORK CASTLE - MALBORK, POLAND

Travel Poland - Malbork Castle

It was built in Prussia by the Teutonic Knights, a German Roman Catholic religious order of crusaders, in a form of an Ordensburg fortress. The Order named it Marienburg (Mary's Castle). The town which grew around it was also named Marienburg.

Ride Train around Malbork Castle

Entrance to the castle ( A entrada do Castelo )


Museum Malbork Castle - HD1080

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Some pictures from the video above on Google Maps:
Link 1 - Link 2 - Link 3 - Link 4 - Link 5

Malbork Castle, Pomorskie, Poland, Europe

The castle is a classic example of a medieval fortress and, on its completion in 1406, was the world's largest brick castle. UNESCO designated the "Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork" and the Malbork Castle Museum as the World Heritage Site in December 1997. It is one of two World Heritage Sites in the region with origins in the Teutonic Order. The other is the "Medieval Town of Torun", founded in 1231 as the site of the castle Thorn (Torun).



Gdansk, Poland - May 2012

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Some pictures from the video above on Google Maps:
Riverside apartments near Motlawa River
Swietojanska, Gdansk Elzbiatanska
Mariacka
Piwna

History – Origins:
The castle was built by the Teutonic Order after the conquest of Old Prussia. Its main purpose was to strengthen their own control of the area following the Order's 1274 suppression of the Great Prussian Uprising of the Baltic tribes. No contemporary documents survive relating to its construction, so instead the castle's phases have been worked out through the study of architecture and the Order's administrative records and later histories.

Malbork Castle - Battle Castle with Dan Snow


Residence of the Polish kings
In 1466 both castle and town became part of Royal Prussia, a province of Poland. It served as one of the several Polish royal residences, fulfilling this function until the Partitions of Poland in 1772. During this period the Tall Castle served as the castle's supply storehouse, while the Great Refectory was a place for balls, feasts, and other royal events.

After the Partitions of Poland
After Prussia and the Russian Empire made the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the town became part of the Kingdom of Prussia province of West Prussia. At that time, the officials used the rather neglected castle as a poorhouse and barracks for the Prussian Army. Wikipedia

OTHER VÍDEOS:
Malbork Castle - Eastern Wall
Malbork Castle


Credit photo: Zamek Malborkl

Castelo de Bojnice, Eslováquia

O Castelo de Bojnice é um monumento e museu localizado em Bojnice, ao centro da Eslováquia.
CASTELO DE BOJNICE, ESLOVÁQUIA


O castelo foi mencionado pela primeira vez no ano de 1113, em um documento que se encontra hoje na Abadia de Zobor. Originalmente construído como uma fortaleza de madeira, que foi gradualmente substituída por pedra, Bojnice pertenceu primeiro a Maté Csak, que o recebeu, em 1302, do rei Ladislau V da Hungria.

Sobrevoando o Castelo de Bojnice


Veja o castelo no Google Mapas

Mais tarde, no século XV, passou para as mãos do rei Matias I. Ele gostava de Bojnice, onde costumava anunciar seus decretos reais abaixo de sua árvore favorita. Um ano antes de sua morte, o rei doou ao seu filho ilegítimo, João Corvino.

Outro passeio áereo

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Os próximos donos foram a família Zápolya (ver João Zápolya). Em 1528, os Thurzo, a família mais rica do norte do reino da Hungria (atual Eslováquia) adquiriu o castelo e realizou uma grande reconstrução deste. A antiga fortaleza transformou-se em um castelo do Renascimento. A partir de 1646, os novos proprietários foram os Palffy, que continuaram com as reformas.



Indo para o Castelo de Bojnice - 2013


Veja a rua do vídeo acima no Google Mapas

Passeio pelos arredores do Castelo e a cidade de Bojnice


O último dos donos Palffy, Joao Palffy (1829-1908), realizou uma grande reconstrução entre 1888 e 1909, criando a bela imitação dos castelos franceses do vale do Loire. Ele não só foi o financiador do projeto, como também o arquiteto e designer gráfico, utilizando seu gosto artístico e dedicação à coleção de peças de arte. Contudo, após a sua morte, seus herdeiros venderam a maioria das antiguidades, tapeçarias, desenhos, pinturas e esculturas do castelo e, no dia 25 de fevereiro de 1939, toda a propriedade. O comprador foi Jan Bafa, da firma de sapatos Bata

Após o ano de 1945, quando o castelo foi confiscado pelo governo da Checoslováquia, tornou-se sede de várias instituições do Estado. Em 9 de maio de 1950, um grande incêndio atingiu-o, mas o governo o reconstruiu por completo. Desde então, um museu foi aberto em Bojnice. Wikipedia

OUTROS VÍDEOS:
Os patinhos no Lago
Castelo de Bojnice - vídeo turístico

Crédito da foto: wallpaperskd.com

Castelo do Drácula, (Castelo de Bran), Brasov - Romênia

O Castelo de Bran, localizado próximo de Bran Pinto (na vizinhança da cidade de Brasov, no condado com o mesmo nome), é um monumento nacional e marco histórico da Roménia.
CASTELO DO DRÁCULA, CASTELO DE BRAN, BRASOV - ROMÊNIA
Castelo do Drácula


A fortaleza situa-se na fronteira entre a Transilvânia e a Valáquia, pela estrada 73, encravado na floresta no sopé dos Cárpatos. Conhecido habitualmente como o "Castelo do Drácula", é promovido como a residência da personagem que dá título ao Drácula de Bram Stoker, obra que conduziu à persistência do mito de que este castelo terá servido, em tempos, de residência ao Príncipe Vlad Tepes, governador da Valáquia.

Castelo de Bran - Brasov, Romênia


Veja o Castelo no Google Mapas

Actualmente, o castelo alberga um museu aberto ao público, exibindo peças de arte e mobiliário coleccionados pela Rainha Maria. Os turistas podem ver o interior em visitas livres ou guiadas. Ao fundo da colina situa-se um pequeno parque museu ao ar livre, o qual exibe estruturas camponesas tradicionais da Romenia, como cabanas e celeiros, representando todo o país.

BRASOV - Provavelmente a melhor cidade do Mundo

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Pesquise Hotéis em Brasov

Cerca de 1212, os cavaleiros da Ordem Teutônica construíram o castelo de madeira de Dietrichstein como uma posição fortificada na região de Ţara Bârsei, à entrada do vale pelo qual os mercadores haviam viajado por mais dum milénio, embora este edifício tenha sido destruído, em 1242, durante a Invasão mongol da Europa.

Castelo do Drácula, Romênia (2012)


O primeiro documento que menciona o Castelo de Bran é um acto emitido por Luís I da Hungria, datado de 19 de Novembro de 1377, pelo qual o rei concedia aos saxões de Kronstadt (Braşov) o privilégio de construir a cidadela de pedra; a instalação de Bran começou a desenvolver-se na vizinhança.



O castelo começou por ser usado na defesa contra o Império Otomano em 1378, e mais tarde tornou-se um posto aduaneiro no passo de montanha entre a Transilvânia e a Valáquia. O castelo pertenceu, por um curto período, a Mircea I da Valáquia. O príncipe Vlad Tepes, apelidado de "o Empalador", que serviu como inspiração histórica para o personagem principal do romance Drácula, do escritor irlandês Bram Stoker, utilizou em várias ocasiões este castelo com fins militares. Wikipedia (english)

Passeio pelo interior


OUTROS VÍDEOS:
Estrada para o Castelo - 2011
Castelo

Site oficial do Museu do Castelo de Bran

CORVIN CASTLE - CASTELUL CORVINILOR, ROMANIA

Corvin Castle, also known as Corvins' Castle, Hunyad Castle or Hunedoara Castle (Romanian: Castelul Huniazilor or Castelul Corvinilor), is a Gothic-Renaissance castle in Hunedoara, in the region of Transylvania, Romania.
Giethoorn - Venice of the Netherlands

Corvin Castle - Castelul Huniazilor


Corvin Castle was laid out in 1446, when construction began at the orders of John Hunyadi (Hungarian: Hunyadi János, Romanian: Iancu or Ioan de Hunedoara) who wanted to transform the former keep built by Charles I of Hungary. The castle was originally given to John Hunyadi's father, Voyk (Vajk), by Sigismund, king of Hungary, as severance in 1409.[1] It was also in 1446 when John Hunyadi was elected as the regent-governor of the Kingdom of Hungary by the Diet.

Corvin Castle in Hunedoara


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It was built mainly in Gothic style, but has Renaissance architectural elements. It features tall and strong defence towers, an interior yard and a drawbridge. Built over the site of an older fortification and on a rock above the small Zlasti River, the castle is a large and imposing building with tall and diversely coloured roofs, towers and myriad windows and balconies adorned with stone carvings.

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Castelul Corvinilor ( Corvins Castle )


The first step was building a double wall for fortification purposes. The walls were flanked by rectangular or circular towers, an architectural innovation to the period's Transylvanian architecture. Some of the towers (the Capistrano Tower, the Deserted Tower and the Drummers' Tower) were used as a prison. The Buzdugan Tower (name after a type of weapon)was solely built for defence purposes and it had its exterior decorated with geometric motifs. The rectangular shaped towers had large openings to accommodate larger weapons. The castle has 3 large areas: the Knight's Hall, the Diet Hall and the circular stairway. The halls are rectangular in shape and are decorated with marble. The Diet Hall was used for ceremonies or formal receptions whilst the Knight's Hall was used for feasts. In 1456, John Hunyadi died and work on the castle has stagnated. Starting with 1458, new commissions were being undergone to construct the Matia Wing of the castle. Wikipedia

Travel to Romania: Corvin Castle Hunedoara


OTHER VÍDEOS:
ROMANIA: Paradise on earth - CORVINS CASTLE
Castelul corvinilor
Visit Romania ~ Castelul Corvinilor

Credit photo: Tourism Around The World